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APA Style Guide: In-Text & Reference Page Citations

In-Text References - Quoting

Quoting is including information from another’s work word for word in your paper.

  • Always include quotation marks around the copied words.
  • When the quote is longer than 40 words, use a block quote or consider paraphrasing.
  • Include the author’s surname, copyright year and page or paragraph number from which the information was copied.

Examples:

Klein (2000) wrote that some management theorists suggest, “successful corporations must

primarily produce brands, as opposed to products” (p. 3).

OR

Some management theorists suggest “that successful corporations must primarily produce

brands, as opposed to products” (Klein, 2000, p. 3).

In-Text References - Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing is expressing an idea from another’s work into your own words or rephrasing information.

  • Include the author’s surname and copyright year.
  • It is recommended but not required to include page or paragraph numbers when paraphrasing.
  • It is recommended to paraphrase rather than quote repeatedly.

Examples:

Klein (2000) suggested that management theories, developed in the mid-1980s, put forth the

idea that branding is as important to corporate success as the actual product that is produced.

OR

It has been suggested that management theories, developed in the mid-1980s, put forth the

idea that branding is as important to corporate success as the actual product that is produced

(Klein, 2000).

References Page

The References page is located at the end of the paper on a new page. 

In alphabetical order, list works that were referenced in your paper following APA Style for the type of source.

The References page is double-spaced. A hanging indent is used for references longer than a single line.

Example (Book with one author):

Klein, N. (2000). No logo: Taking aim at brand bullies. Toronto, Canada: Vintage

Canada.

APA Style Central - Quick Guide: Direct Quotations and Paraphrasing

Direct Quotations and Paraphrasing

Learn how to cite and format direct quotations and block quotations, make and indicate changes to direct quotations, and cite paraphrased material.

APA Style CENTRAL

© 2016 American Psychological Association.

APA Style Central - Quick Guide: Reference List

Reference List

Learn how to write a References section, including how to ensure entries are accurate, complete, consistently styled, and up to date.

APA Style CENTRAL

© 2016 American Psychological Association.