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How to Research: Apply the CRAAP Test

Just getting started on a research paper or project? Don't know where to start? This is the guide for you!

Apply the CRAAP Test

Once you find information, you need to do some critical thinking to decide what to use for your research.

A good place to start is to see if it passes the CRAAP test.

Online Tutorial


The CRAAP Test is a series of questions to ask about any source of information.  The questions will help you decide whether your source is credible and appropriate for use in your research.


Currency: The timeliness of the information

  • Do you know when the information was published, posted, or last updated?
  • Is the information current for your topic and field of study?


Relevance: The importance of the information for your needs

  • Is the information appropriate for a college-level course?
  • Is this an adequately in-depth discussion of the topic?
  • Has Canadian perspective or content been provided?


Authority: The source of the information

  • Have the author's credentials or organizational affiliations been identified?
  • Is the author (or authors) qualified to write on the topic?
  • Has the piece been published by a well-known and respected publisher or organization?


Accuracy: The reliability and correctness of the informational content

  • Have the author's sources been clearly cited so that you can easily find (and verify) them?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?


Purpose: The reason the information exists

  • Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
  • Does the point of view appear objective, unbiased and impartial?
  • Does the author acknowledge alternative versions of the issues or facts?

Adapted from: The University of the Fraser Valley (2009). Evaluating information: The CRAAP test. Retrieved from

Evaluate This!

Look at each of the sites below.

  1. Evaluate each and see if it passes the CRAAP test. 
  2. Click on Explanation to find out how we evaluated each site.

(Note: Each site will open in a new page)

A. Martin Luther King, Jr.

+ Explanation


B. Hospitals

+ Explanation