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Citation Guide

Chicago Style Guide

What is the difference between Chicago and Turabian?

  • The primary difference is that Turabian is the student version of The Chicago Manual of Style. 
  • For the most part, the citation styles are the same in both books. 
  • Turabian gives paper formatting rules and covers the research and writing process in detail, whereas CMOS omits such advice and focuses on the publication process

Which should I use?

  • Always talk to your professor, for the most part, all of the guidelines that you find in Turabian will also apply to Chicago style.

Basic Format Tutorials

Chicago-style source citations come in two varieties: (1) notes and bibliography and (2) author-date.

Notes and bibliography
Helpful for researchers that wish or need to elaborate on certain resources
In-Text Superscript
This is your paraphrase.1    That small number says, “See note 1 for my source.” 
Place notes either at the bottom of the page (footnote) OR at the end of the paper (endnote).
Shortened notes
Subsequent usage of the same note only requires a shortened version.
Bibliography entries 
List of all notes used in the paper, including important publication details of the notes. 


Author-Date System
Helpful for researchers that want to follow an structure similar to other citation styles
In-text Citations
Chicago style does not put a comma between the name and year: (Stickler 2013).
Reference List
Lists sources in alphabetical order by the author’s last name. 


Author-Date System Tutorial (4 minutes)

Notes and Bibliography System (5 minutes)